Frequently Asked Questions about KAT.

1 Why do people need KAT ?
The Centre’s mission is to create within the Kathmandu Valley a rabies-free, non-breeding street/community dog population through an Animal Birth Control (ABC) program which operates along the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the management of stray dog populations.

KAT’s work is vital to deal with the estimated 20,500 stray dogs (figures from a survey carried out by KAT and the Veterinary Public health and District Livestock Offices, 2006) that live within the ring road area of Kathmandu - over 35,000 in the entire Kathmandu area. 

2)  What about poisoning that the Local bodies used to carry out to control stray dogs?
T he Municipality’s old way of dealing with the issue was to poison around 10,000 dogs per year with strychnine. This takes around nine hours to kill a dog which experiences violent seizures. This cost Rs 400,000 per year and studies have shown was a complete failure, leaving piles of rotting carcasses in the street which are then thrown into the river, creating a human health hazard, a risk to pets and animal suffering. The urban environment, with so much street garbage, encourages street dogs to breed and no matter how many dogs were killed they were replaced by more.  

The ABC program has been so successful that the Municipality no longer poisons dogs in the Kathmandu valley. But still, the Metropolis has the pressure to poison the dogs from local communities. The Metropolitan authorities divert such requests to KAT Centre. However, KAT has its own way and process of working and hasn't become able to help all the people and the dogs. 

A nimal Birth Control (ABC) is the ONLY effective way to ensure a rabies-free non-breeding community dog population.

3) Why does KAT focus on sterilization of female dogs only?
S ince , KAT can't sterilize all 20,500 dogs inside the Kathmandu Valley, the following equation may be very helpful to understand why we focus on sterilizing female dogs only. 
1 0 Male + 1 Female = 1 litter = 5-8 puppies
1 Male + 10 Female = 10 litters = 50-80 puppies.
S o, we, at KAT Centre, focus on sterilizing female dogs.

4) How can people identify the dog that passed through KAT?
Nearly 200 people die of rabies each year in Nepal. Once the dogs are spayed or neutered we give them identification against rabies. The adult dogs are given a red disposable collar which helps communities recognize safe dogs in the short term. To identify them in case the red collar is lost or untied, we also make an ear notch (a small cut on the left/right ear) and green ear tattoo at the next ear. However, puppies are only given a tattoo and a visible ear notch.  They are sent back out after around three days to the exact spot where they were collected.

5Can I adopt a dog from the KAT Centre?
T he dogs may not be able to return to the street life, particularly when it takes months to treat them. Besides, human contact and regular feeding habit also make the difficult to adopt the street life once they stay for long time in KAT. Such dogs can be adopted by the people. Besides, the puppies are also brought in along with their mothers. Such puppies can also be adopted by the people. 

6) How can I adopt them?
K AT has strict procedure of adoption. First anybody willing to adopt dogs or puppies from KAT Centre has to fill up the forms. Following the request, the staffs will visit the home to find out if it is suitable to house a dog. Then only dogs can be adopted. 

7) Do I need to pay for adopting a dog? 
N o, anybody adopting the dog doesn't need to pay any fees. Instead, the dog is given free medical treatment for one year, it will be spayed/neutered and also vaccinated against rabies. After one year, it will be entirely the duty of the owner to treat and vaccinate the dog. 

8) Can I treat or sterilize my pet dog at the KAT Centre?
K AT doesn't treat or sterilize private dogs. You have to contact a private veterinarian or government vet hospitals to treat or sterilize your dogs. But sometimes, community people approach us with emergency cases. During such condition, we give emergency service and refer case to the private veterinarian.

9) Are other animals also treated at KAT?
K AT is currently focusing only on the dogs. Our mission is to create within the Kathmandu Valley a rabies-free, non-breeding street/community dog population. But, KAT also wants to create a world where cruelty towards animals is eliminated. It has the plan to expand its service even to wild animals given availability of the support from the governmental and non-governmental communities and resources.